National History Museum of Ulaanbaatar
Throwing you centuries back
In 1924, the first Mongolian National Museum was opened to the general public. during that period, the collection of things was intended for the National Museum, whose structure no longer exists.
The State Central Museum building, constructed in 1956, served as the home for the historical, natural history, ethnographic, as well as natural history museum collections from the socialist period. See also, Bogd Khaan Winter Palace Museum.
The reformation of museum administration and the revival of certain old museums are the results of these developments in this open market economy. By combining the holdings of his two museums, the National Central Museum and the Museum of the Revolution, the National Museum of Mongolian History was founded in 1991.
The largest museum in the country, the National Museum of Mongolia, has about 57,000 items on show in 10 exhibition rooms. These artifacts are related to Central Asian history as well as the history of Mongolia from pre-historical times until the end of the twentieth century, including the soviet decades era.
The Mongolian National Museum of History attained the status of the national history museum in 2008; therefore, the present-day name. The present building of the National Museum of Mongolia was completed in 1971 when it was known as the Museum of Revolution.
Step back into ancient Mongolia and enjoy the opportunity to explore the nation’s traditions and rich cultural heritage. Throwing you centuries back, 10 thematic halls of the National History Museum will take you through the years of deep-rooted medieval history up to modern historical objects of Mongolia.
Significant examples of traditional clothing from several Mongolian ethnic groups may be seen in one of the exhibition halls. This museum features displays on the topography, vegetation, and wildlife of Mongolia, as well as the standard part with stuffed and embalmed animals, birds, and fish. Explore Zanabazar Museum for local culture of Mongolia.
Walking through these well-organized exhibitions, you will find the historical collection of archaeological materials, photographs, culture, and schemes of paleontological finds, numismatics, weapons, musical instruments, objects of everyday traditional life, Genghis Khan period artifacts, and worship. One of the newest expositions is the materials of the excavation in 2000 of the tomb of Bilge-khan Bogu (VIII century).
Don’t miss your chance to see the outstanding traditional costumes and jewelry section on the second floor of the museum, which represents a wide range (more than 20) of ethnic groups in the country. The lovers of the period of ancient times would be especially fascinated with the Mongolian Empire, 17th-20th Century Mongolia, Mongolia 1911-1920, and Socialist Mongolia halls. Here you can see firsthand real 12-century military equipment and armor, letters of Pope Innocent IV to Guytik Khaan, as well as furnished ger and household items.
All these priceless artifacts make National History Museum well worth a visit. All the information in each artifact of historical time is written in both English and Mongolian language. You can also use a handy translator device that is available at the museum.
Plan to spend there at least 1 hour, but consider another hour if you want to see everything in detail. Information is provided in English as well. You will also find a small souvenir shop.
The museum is situated at Ulaanbaatar's Juulchin Street 1, 4.6 kilometers (nearly 3 miles) from the city center, and it is open every day of the week. A pass charge must be paid for the privilege of snapping photos. At the entrance gate, you may also request an audio guide.
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