Blue Pearl of Asia
Blessed with sparkling natural beauty, Khuvsgul province has been selected as in the first most popular destination in Mongolia, Khusvgul lake is considered as the “Blue Pearl of Asia”. The lake is known for the clarity of its water and the panorama of surrounding mountains on all sides.
The highest mountain is the Burenkhaan and Munkh Saridag at 3492m, which has its peak north of the lake exactly on the Russian-Mongolian border. Khuvsgul Lake is one of the world’s 17 ancient lakes and the fourth deepest lake in all of Asia. The lake, known as “Mother Sea” by Mongolians, contains 70% of Mongolia’s surface water resources and 1% of the world’s fresh water. Water entering the lake in the north eventually exits to the south via the Eg river, after 500 years.
It is 1645m above sea level, 136 km long and 262 m deep. It is the second-most voluminous freshwater lake in Asia. Its location in northern Mongolia helps form the southern border of the great Siberian taiga forest, of which the dominant tree is the Siberian Larch. It's inhabited by nine species of fish including the Siberian grayling, sturgeon and lenok and the area is rich with various species of flora and fauna.
It is a home to rare argali sheep, ibex, bear, sable, moose and wolves. Khatgal and Khankh are the two main gateway villages for the visitors who travel to the lake. The surface of the lake completely freezes over winter time with beautiful white colors. Tsaatan or Reindeer people, Darkhad, Buriads ethnic groups widely live throughout the province. The must-see attraction in the region is Tsaatan family. Tsaatan is the reindeer herding community in the home region of Tsagaanuur soum. They are a real and vibrant community that wishes to sustain their way of life, protect their natural resources and determine their own future. Shamanism, rather than Buddhism, is the core religion of this place.