Mongolia in Winter


Uncover the Magic of Mongolia in Winter

Mongolia, a land of breathtaking landscapes and rich cultural heritage, reveals a whole new world of wonder during the winter months. Snow-capped mountains, frozen lakes, and pristine white steppes offer a unique and unforgettable experience. In this magical winter journey, you will uncover the beauty of Mongolia in winter, exploring its landscapes, wildlife, and traditions, and learn how to make the most of your winter adventure.

Key Takeaways

  • Explore Mongolia’s unique winter landscape, wildlife and cultural attractions.
  • Experience a range of thrilling activities such as dog sledding and ice skating.
  • Be prepared with the right gear to capture stunning photos in cold temperatures.

Embracing the Cold: Mongolia's Winter Weather

Mongolia in winter with snow and cold weather

Mongolia’s winter transforms the country into a mesmerizing wonderland adorned with:

  • Snow-covered hills
  • Wide-open steppes
  • Forested mountains
  • Dunes

The extreme cold weather, with temperatures ranging from 15°C in the south to as low as -35°C in the north, adds a thrilling touch to the adventure. No matter how severe the conditions may be, the allure of Mongolia’s landscapes, swathed in frosty whiteness, promises a journey worth undertaking.

A dzud, a winter phenomenon specific to Mongolia, occurs during the winter months and can have a significant impact on the nation’s livestock and rural population. However, the Mongolian people are well-equipped to face these challenges, with essential gear such as winter boots providing warmth and protection from the elements. The fortitude of the locals complemented by the land’s awe-inspiring splendor ensures a winter visit to this country will be engraved in your memory.

Winter Wildlife Expeditions

Wildlife expedition in Mongolia during winter

Winter in Mongolia offers the opportunity to discover the fascinating wildlife that inhabits the country. Central Mongolia is home to a variety of species, including gray wolves, Siberian ibex, and other endangered animals. The elusive snow leopard, a majestic creature native to Central Asia, can be found primarily in the Gobi Altai High Mountain area, which is also home to golden eagles. The winter season is the most likely time to catch a glimpse of these magnificent animals, making it a popular tourist attraction to visit Mongolia during this time.

Exploring Mongolia’s wildlife during winter also involves being aware of the challenges faced by the animals, such as the dzud, which can have detrimental effects on their populations. This understanding adds a layer of appreciation for the resilience of nature and the importance of wildlife conservation.

Undertaking wildlife expeditions in Mongolia’s winter introduces you to the country’s distinctive fauna and allows you to marvel at the arresting landscapes.

Experiencing Nomadic Life in Winter

Mongolia’s nomadic lifestyle is a captivating aspect of the country’s culture, and experiencing it during winter offers a unique perspective on the challenges faced by these resilient communities. Nomadic families, including Kazakh eagle hunters, endure harsh conditions such as:

  • the drying of nearby rivers
  • catastrophic winters leading to animal deaths
  • extreme weather
  • scarcity of vegetation and water

Despite these challenges, the nomadic people of Mongolia extend warm hospitality to visitors, offering insight into their daily lives and traditions. Staying in a traditional yurt camp and reserving a ger without a tour are ways to immerse oneself in the nomadic lifestyle. The opportunity to experience the genuine warmth of Mongolian families amidst the cold winter months creates lasting memories and deepens the appreciation for their way of life.

Western Mongolia: Land of the Eagle Hunters

Western Mongolia is home to the fascinating culture of the Kazakh eagle hunters, an ancient form of falconry practiced by the Kazakh people. With around 250 eagle hunters in the region, this unique tradition holds immense cultural significance. The bond between the hunters and their golden eagles is extraordinary, showcasing their masterful hunting skills and revered status in the community.

By partaking in the Falconry Tour of Western Mongolia, visitors get a first-hand experience of this enthralling culture. This 4-day journey involves living with a Kazakh eagle hunter, horse riding, and observing their training and hunting methodologies. The Ulgii Eagle Festival, held annually in early October, is another opportunity to dive into the world of eagle hunting, with various events and competitions showcasing the prowess of these magnificent birds and their handlers.

This extraordinary cultural experience is a must-see when visiting Mongolia in winter.

Celebrating Winter Festivals in Mongolia

Mongolia hosts a variety of unique winter festivals, each offering a glimpse into the country’s rich cultural traditions. The Khuvsgul Lake Ice Festival, Thousand Camel Festival, and Tsagaan Sar (Lunar New Year) are examples of such events, providing visitors with unforgettable experiences and opportunities to engage with the local communities.

In the following subsections, we will explore each of these festivals in detail.

Khuvsgul Lake Ice Festival

The Khuvsgul Lake Ice Festival is an annual event held on the frozen Khuvsgul Lake, organized to promote the protection of the lake and showcase the beauty of the frozen landscape. The festival features various activities and competitions, such as horse-drawn sleighs, ice sculptures, and traditional Mongolian games, providing a rich cultural experience for visitors. The event takes place on March 3rd and 4th, and while not as widely visited as other festivals, it still attracts a number of tourists to experience this unique winter celebration.

Beyond the games and contests, the Khuvsgul Lake Ice Festival features activities such as dog sledding and an ice ger building competition, fostering a spirit of community and exhilaration during the event. The festival is a testament to the resilience of the Mongolian people, who find joy and celebration even in the harshest of winter conditions.

Thousand Camel Festival

Celebrating the importance of camels in Mongolian culture, the Thousand Camel Festival takes place annually on the 6th and 7th of March in the Gobi Desert region. This event is dedicated to the Bactrian camel and features various activities, including:

  • Camel parades
  • Camel races
  • Camel polo tournaments
  • Beauty contests
  • Performances of traditional Mongolian music and dance

The Thousand Camel Festival is not only an entertaining event but also an opportunity to learn about the significance of camels in the nomadic lifestyle. As a testament to the resilience and adaptability of these incredible animals, this festival highlights their role in shaping the culture and livelihood of the Mongolian people.

Tsagaan Sar (Lunar New Year)

Tsagaan Sar, the Mongolian Lunar New Year, is a time for families to gather and celebrate the beginning of a new year with feasts, music, and dancing. This traditional holiday is deeply rooted in Mongolian culture and symbolizes peace and harmony. On the day preceding Tsagaan Sar, known as Bituun, it is customary for locals to clean their homes and prepare for the upcoming holiday.

During the celebration, meals typically consist of:

  • Sheep’s tail
  • Rice with curds
  • Buuz
  • Mutton

This showcases the importance of livestock in Mongolian culture. Tsagaan Sar offers a unique opportunity for visitors to experience genuine Mongolian hospitality and join in the festivities, making it an unforgettable part of their winter journey.

Adventure Awaits: Winter Activities in Mongolia

A stunning image of Mongolia in winter showcasing a group of people enjoying winter activities such as skiing and snowboarding.

Mongolia presents an array of electrifying winter activities, ensuring visitors create indelible memories set against its stunning landscapes. Some of the activities include:

  • Dog sledding at Khuvsgul Lake, Terelj, Khentii National Park, and Bogd Khaan National Park
  • Ice skating
  • Horse sleigh races
  • Snowmobiling across frozen rivers and lakes
  • Swimming in Hot Springs

There is no shortage of adventure to be found in this winter wonderland, with all the destinations offering excitement and thrill.

In addition to these exhilarating activities, attending ice festivals and savoring traditional Mongolian food accompanied by a glass of Chinggis Gold vodka offers a taste of the country’s unique culture. Whether you’re an adrenaline junkie or simply seeking a serene winter escape, Mongolia’s winter activities cater to all interests and levels of adventure.

Best Winter Tour in Mongolia

Best winter tour in Mongolia

The top-rated winter tour in Mongolia features a 9-day or 12-day itinerary brimming with memorable experiences. These tours provide a comprehensive exploration of the country’s diverse landscapes, wildlife, and cultural attractions, ensuring a memorable journey for all who embark on it.

Highlights of the tour include popular tourist attractions such as:

  • Exploring the bustling city of Ulaanbaatar
  • Venturing into the remote corners of Northern Mongolia
  • Experiencing the pristine beauty of frozen lake Khuvsgul and the Taiga with the Reindeer tribes

These tours showcase the best of the Mongolian winter.

The itineraries are carefully crafted to include a variety of experiences, such as:

  • staying in traditional yurt camps
  • dog sledging
  • driving over frozen Lake Khuvsgul
  • visiting hot springs
  • visiting Kazakh eagle hunters
  • participating in winter festivals like the Khuvsgul Lake Ice Festival and Thousand Camel Festival

Dog sledging in Mongolia

With options to customize the tour to suit individual preferences, these winter tours offer an unparalleled experience of Mongolia’s winter wonderland.

Exploring Terelj National Park in Winter

Exploring Terelj National Park in winter

Terelj National Park, located just 1.5 hours from Ulaanbaatar, is a stunning destination to explore during the winter months. The park is adorned with snow-covered landscapes, offering visitors a glimpse into the pristine beauty of Mongolia’s winter wilderness. Terelj’s unique attractions, such as the glacial Khagiin Khar Lake, Yestii Hot Water Springs, and the Buddhist monastery, create a diverse and enriching experience for all who venture into its icy realm.

In addition to the park’s natural and cultural attractions, visitors can witness over 250 species of birds and indulge in various winter activities such as ice skating, horse sleigh races, and snowmobiling. As temperatures can fluctuate between 10°F (-12°C) and -35°F (-37°C), equipping yourself with warm apparel and suitable gear is vital when venturing into Terelj National Park during winter.

Gobi Desert: A Winter Wonderland

The Gobi Desert, the earth’s coldest desert, offers a unique winter experience, with nomads herding their animals, wild animals roaming the landscape, and the horizon stretching as far as the eye can see. Snow leopards, ibex, wild camels, gazelles, and various bird species such as eagles and vultures can be observed during the winter months, showcasing the resilience of the desert’s wildlife.

The Yolyn Am Valley offers a one-of-a-kind attraction in the Gobi Desert, including:

  • A magnificent cascading frozen waterfall
  • An ice field
  • Camel trekking in front of the Flaming Cliffs, a popular activity during the Thousand Camel Festival

Exploring the Gobi Desert during winter unveils a fascinating world of wonder amidst the snow-covered dunes and unique wildlife.

Tips for Traveling to Mongolia in Winter

Tips for traveling to Mongolia in winter

Journeying to Mongolia during winter may pose challenges, but the rewards are plentiful. To make the most of your journey, it is essential to be well-prepared and follow safety precautions. When traversing Mongolia’s winter landscapes, it is crucial to:

  • Employ an experienced driver with a winterized car
  • Have a well-defined plan to avoid getting lost or stranded in the snow
  • Be aware of the risks associated with winter travel, such as frostbite and car difficulties

By taking these precautions, you can ensure a safe and enjoyable trip.

Packing adequate clothing and gear is essential for a comfortable winter adventure in Mongolia. Here are some recommended items to keep you warm in the frigid temperatures:

  • Gloves
  • Hat
  • Scarf
  • Two pairs of pants
  • Warm boots
  • Cashmere or wool socks

With proper preparation and an adventurous spirit, a winter journey to Mongolia can be an unforgettable experience, offering a unique perspective on this incredible country.

Capturing Winter Memories: Photography Tips

Photography tips for capturing winter memories in Mongolia

The winter landscapes of Mongolia provide ample scope for capturing breathtaking photographs. To capture the beauty of the snow-covered scenery, it is important to protect your camera gear from the harsh winter conditions. Here are some tips to help you:

  • Store your gear inside a closed camera bag
  • Allow for a gradual transition between temperatures
  • Use a Ziploc bag to reduce condensation
  • Keep batteries close to your body heat to extend their life
  • Utilize a waterproof camera bag and a foam roll mat to prevent cold transfer and damage to your equipment

By following these tips, you can ensure that your camera gear stays safe and your winter photography experience is enjoyable.

When shooting snow scenes, use a fast shutter speed of at least 1/125 and an ISO setting between 1600 and 3200 to capture the perfect shot. For photographing the Northern lights, use a tripod, short shutter speed, low F-number, and shoot in RAW format for better post-processing options. By following these photography tips, you can create stunning images that capture the magic of Mongolia’s winter wonderland and preserve your memories for a lifetime.


Mongolia’s winter season unveils a world of wonder, with its breathtaking landscapes, unique wildlife, rich cultural traditions, and thrilling activities. From the snow-covered steppes of central Mongolia to the icy realm of Terelj National Park and the Gobi Desert’s winter wonderland, there is no shortage of adventure and beauty awaiting those who venture into this extraordinary country. Embrace the cold, immerse yourself in the nomadic lifestyle, and capture the magic of Mongolia’s winter in your heart and memory.

Frequently Asked Questions

How cold is Mongolia in winter?

Mongolia experiences very cold winters, with temperatures ranging from -15°C to -30°C (-5°F to -22°F). The mountains tend to be even colder.

Is December good time to visit Mongolia?

December is a great time to visit Mongolia, with snow-covered lands and breathtaking views of endless white steppes and Siberian borderlands. Enjoy the unique beauty of winter in Mongolia!

What are winters like in Mongolia?

Winter in Mongolia is characterized by subzero temperatures, with the average daily temperature at -13° C and temperatures known to drop below -40° C. Ulaanbaatar is the coldest capital city in the world, with an average winter temperature of -25° C. Winter typically lasts from November to February and is a dry cold, making for a possible trip with adequate preparation and equipment.

What are the best months to go to Mongolia?

The best months to go to Mongolia are June to August, when there is sunny weather and pleasant temperatures, making it ideal for exploring the culture and lush nature of the country.

Are there any specific winter festivals worth attending in Mongolia?

Mongolia has several unique winter festivals worth attending, including the Khuvsgul Lake Ice Festival, Thousand Camel Festival, and Tsagaan Sar (Lunar New Year), offering visitors a memorable experience of the country's cultural traditions.

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