Ulaanbaatar Capital City of Mongolia


Exploring Ulaanbaatar - A 2024 Travel Guide to Mongolia's Capital City

Welcome to Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia’s captivating capital city! This gem of Central Asia beckons with its rich history, vibrant culture, and stunning natural beauty. As the starting point for a Mongolian adventure, Ulaanbaatar offers an enchanting blend of ancient traditions and modern attractions. Are you ready to explore this unique destination? Let’s dive in!

Key Takeaways

  • Explore Ulaanbaatar’s rich history and iconic landmarks, such as the Gandan Khiid Monastery or Sukhbaatar Square.
  • Embrace its vibrant culture through traditional folklore concerts, youth hotspots, and offbeat sporting attractions.
  • Enjoy its culinary offerings from local dishes to international cuisine alongside shopping destinations for souvenirs and retail therapy.

Discovering Ulaanbaatar's Rich History

Ulaanbaatar city center showing modern life comfortably blending with its rich history

Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia’s capital city, is a treasure trove of historical landmarks and attractions that provide a fascinating glimpse into the nation’s rich past. As you stroll the city streets, you’ll find yourself immersed in a captivating blend of old and new, with ancient temples and monasteries standing alongside modern high-rises and shopping malls. Some of the city’s most notable historical attractions include:

  • Gandan Khiid Monastery
  • Sukhbaatar Square
  • Bogd Khaan Winter Palace Museum
  • Chinggis Khaan National Museum
  • Choijin Temple Museum

These sites offer a unique look into Mongolian history, from its ancient origins to its more recent past.

A deep appreciation of Ulaanbaatar’s historical heritage comes from exploring its iconic landmarks and attractions. Each destination offers a unique perspective on the city’s past and provides a glimpse into the lives of the people who shaped Mongolia’s history.

Gandan Khiid Monastery

The Gandan Khiid Monastery, the largest Buddhist monastery in Mongolia, is a must-visit site for anyone interested in the country’s rich religious history. Founded in the 19th century, this impressive complex is home to daily ceremonies and a massive indoor Buddha statue. As you explore the monastery, you’ll encounter stunning religious art and architecture, and you may even have the opportunity to witness the conclusion of a prayer ceremony.

Consider visiting the nearby Mongolian Railway History Museum to understand the development of rail transport in the country.

Sukhbaatar Square

Sukhbaatar Square, the heart of Ulaanbaatar, is a bustling hub of cultural and political events. This central square has played a pivotal role in Mongolia’s history, as it was here that the nation’s definitive independence from China was proclaimed in July 1921.

Today, the square is home to several prominent landmarks, including the State Parliament House and Palace of Culture. As you wander the square, you may encounter concerts, festivals, and other events that showcase Ulaanbaatar’s vibrant spirit.

Bogd Khaan Winter Palace Museum

Step back in time with a visit to the Bogd Khaan Winter Palace Museum, once the residence of Mongolia’s last king. This opulent palace is now a museum complex that houses six Buddhist temples and an impressive collection of art, including paintings, sculptures, and textiles.

As you explore the palace, you’ll get a sense of the grandeur and extravagance that characterized the lives of Mongolia’s royalty, including their ancient palace dance.

Chinggis Khaan National Museum

No visit to Ulaanbaatar would be complete without a stop at the Chinggis Khaan National Museum, which offers a comprehensive look at Mongolia’s history and culture. Established in 2019, this museum is renowned for its extensive collection of artifacts and research related to the legendary leader Genghis Khan.

Chinggis Khaan Museum in Ulaanbaatar

As you explore the exhibits, you’ll learn about the Mongol Empire, its rise to power, and the lasting impact it had on the world.

Choijin Temple Museum

The Choijin Temple Museum is a hidden gem in Ulaanbaatar, offering visitors a glimpse into the city’s religious history. This complex of four temples is dedicated to preserving Mongolian Buddhist art and history and is an excellent example of the intricate religious architecture found throughout the country.

As you wander through the peaceful temple grounds, you’ll be surrounded by the beauty and serenity of this sacred space.

Embracing Ulaanbaatar's Vibrant Culture

Ulaanbaatar's youth culture hotspots with high rise buildings characterizing the city center

In addition to its rich history, Ulaanbaatar boasts a thriving cultural scene that reflects the city’s youthful energy and creativity. With approximately 63% of the population under the age of 35, the city pulses with a dynamic blend of traditional and modern influences. Some highlights of Ulaanbaatar’s cultural scene include:

  • Lively music venues
  • Art galleries showcasing local and international artists
  • Offbeat sporting events
  • Festivals celebrating Mongolian culture and traditions

There’s always something happening in Ulaanbaatar to cater to every interest and taste.

Immersing yourself in Ulaanbaatar’s vibrant culture involves exploring its diverse array of cultural attractions and events. Whether you’re in the mood for a traditional folklore concert or a cutting-edge art exhibition, Ulaanbaatar offers a wealth of opportunities to experience the city’s unique creative spirit.

Youth Culture Hotspots

Ulaanbaatar’s youth culture is alive and thriving, with numerous hotspots catering to the city’s young and creative population. Trendy cafes, music festivals, and art galleries abound, offering opportunities for locals and visitors alike to connect and share their passion for the arts in the context where modern life comfortably blends with the modern lifestyle.

From the bustling streets of Seoul Street to the artistic hub of iLoft, Ulaanbaatar’s youth culture is a testament to the city’s vibrant spirit and boundless creativity. The city center shows just how diverse and energetic the atmosphere can be.

Traditional Folklore Concerts

For a taste of Mongolia’s rich cultural heritage, be sure to attend one of Ulaanbaatar’s traditional folklore concerts. These captivating performances showcase the country’s unique music, dance, and cultural traditions, providing an unforgettable glimpse into the heart and soul of Mongolia.

Venues like Tumen Ekh and the National Dance and Musical Grand Theatre host regular concerts, featuring talented performers who bring the country’s ancient customs to life on stage.

Offbeat Sporting Attractions

Sports enthusiasts in Ulaanbaatar can enjoy a unique experience by visiting the city’s offbeat sporting attractions. The Wrestling Palace, for example, is home to traditional Mongolian wrestling matches, while the annual Naadam Festival showcases traditional Mongolian sports like archery, horse racing, and wrestling.

These events provide a fascinating insight into Mongolian culture and the mongolian traditional lifestyle, offering a thrilling alternative to typical tourist activities.

Savoring Ulaanbaatar's Culinary Scene

The Bull Hot Pot is one of the most popular restaurant chains among locals and tourists

Ulaanbaatar’s diverse culinary scene, with its mouthwatering array of Mongolian dishes, international dining options, and artisanal coffee shops, is sure to delight foodies. From traditional Mongolian cuisine like Buuz and Khuushuur to world-class restaurants serving Italian, French, and Japanese fare, there’s something to satisfy every palate in this cosmopolitan city.

Nagomi Teppanyaki on top of Galleria is a hidden gem with the best Wagyu and prime Mongolian Steak

And when it’s time for a caffeine fix, you’ll be spoiled for choice with Ulaanbaatar’s thriving coffee culture.

Must-Try Mongolian Dishes

Buuz is Mongolia's most popular dish and a must try during any trip to Ulaanbaatar

While in Ulaanbaatar, don’t miss out on the opportunity to sample some of the city’s must-try Mongolian dishes. Buuz, for example, are delicious steamed dumplings filled with minced meat, while Khuushuur are deep-fried pastry pockets stuffed with savory fillings.

And for a truly authentic taste of Mongolia, don’t miss the opportunity to try airag, a traditional beverage made from fermented mare’s milk. These dishes offer a tantalizing introduction to Mongolia’s rich culinary heritage and are sure to leave a lasting impression on your taste buds.

International Dining Options

Sen Izakaya is a new modern Japanese Restaurant in Ulaanbaatar located in the Shangri-La Mall

The international dining scene in Ulaanbaatar is equally impressive, boasting a wide array of options to cater to every palate. Some of the cuisines you can find include:

  • Japanese
  • Chinese
  • Indian
  • Italian
  • Spanish
  • Irish

You’re sure to find something that hits the spot.

Sen Izakaya serves a variation of fresh sushi and creative dishes

Many of these restaurants are conveniently located in the city center, making it easy to sample the world’s flavors during your stay.

UB Social Club is one of many bars and restaurants located in the Olympic Residence next to Shangri-La

So whether you’re craving sushi, pizza, or tapas, Ulaanbaatar has you covered.

Best Coffee Shops

Tous Le Jours has many modern coffee shops in Ulaanbaatar with good coffee and snacks

Coffee lovers can choose from a plethora of options in Ulaanbaatar’s burgeoning coffee scene. Some of the city’s best coffee shops include Little Heaven, Nitro B, and ROC Caffeine Bar, each offering a unique atmosphere and an enticing selection of coffee beverages and snacks.

ROC Caffeine Bar roasts their coffee and is one of the best coffee shop chains in the city

Whether you’re looking for a cozy spot to relax with a book or a lively cafe to meet up with friends, Ulaanbaatar’s coffee shops have something for everyone.

Shopping and Souvenirs in Ulaanbaatar

A Cashmere scarf from GOBI designed by Giorgio Spina is among the most popular souvenirs

Those looking to pick up souvenirs or indulge in some retail therapy will find ample shopping opportunities in Ulaanbaatar. Some popular shopping destinations include:

  • Gobi Cashmere Flagship Store: Known for its luxurious cashmere products
  • Shangri-La Mall: An upscale shopping center with a variety of international brands
  • Naran Tuul Market: A bustling market where you can find traditional Mongolian crafts and souvenirs
  • State Department Store: An iconic shopping destination with a wide range of products

There’s no shortage of places to find the perfect memento of your trip or treat yourself to something special in Ulaanbaatar.

Chinggis Khan vodka is one of the finest Mongolian vodkas and a popular souvenir

So whether you’re in search of traditional Mongolian handicrafts, designer clothing, or unique art pieces, Ulaanbaatar has it all.

Gobi Cashmere Flagship Store in Galleria

Gobi Cashmere Shopping in Ulaanbaatar

For those seeking high-quality cashmere products at discounted prices, the Gobi Cashmere Flagship Store in Galleria is a must-visit destination. This world-renowned store offers an extensive selection of:

  • Luxurious cashmere clothing
  • Yak socks
  • Kazakh embroidered handbags
  • Handmade leather shoes

With its unbeatable prices and exquisite craftsmanship, the Gobi Cashmere Flagship Store is the perfect place to find a timeless souvenir or gift for yourself or a loved one.

Shangri-La Mall

For a more upscale shopping experience, head to Shangri-La Mall, where you’ll find a wide array of luxury brands, dining options, and entertainment facilities. This modern shopping center is home to top international brands like Gucci, Prada, and Louis Vuitton, as well as a variety of restaurants and cafes offering both local and international fare.

With its sleek design and diverse offerings, Shangri-La Mall is a shopping paradise for those looking to indulge in some retail therapy during their stay in Ulaanbaatar.

Naran Tuul Market

For a more authentic shopping experience, visit the bustling Naran Tuul Market, where you’ll find everything from traditional clothing and souvenirs to everyday household items. Also known as the “Black Market,” this lively marketplace is a great place to immerse yourself in the sights, sounds, and flavors of local life while picking up unique mementos of your trip.

Just remember to keep an eye on your belongings and practice your haggling skills to get the best deals on your purchases.

State Department Store

State Department Store on Peace Avenue in Ulaanbaatar

Located in the heart of Ulaanbaatar, the State Department Store is a central shopping destination offering a wide range of food, clothing, and souvenirs. Established in 1921, this iconic store has long been a favorite among locals and visitors alike, providing a convenient one-stop shop for all your shopping needs.

From traditional Mongolian handicrafts to contemporary fashion and accessories, the State Department Store is an essential stop on any shopping spree in Ulaanbaatar.

Exploring the Natural Beauty Surrounding Ulaanbaatar

Chinggis Statue outside of Ulaanbaatar

Complementing Ulaanbaatar’s urban charm is the breathtaking natural beauty that surrounds the city. Venture beyond the city limits, and you’ll find stunning landscapes and pristine wilderness areas just waiting to be explored.

From the lush forests and rugged mountains of Gorkhi-Terelj National Park to the wild beauty of Khustai National Park and the challenging hikes on Mt. Bogd Khan, there’s no shortage of outdoor adventures to be had in the area surrounding Ulaanbaatar.

Gorkhi-Terelj National Park

Turtle Rock in Terelj

Just a short drive from the city, Gorkhi-Terelj National Park offers a wealth of outdoor activities for nature lovers and adventure seekers alike. This stunning park is known for its dramatic granite cliffs, verdant forests, and picturesque alpine scenery, making it the perfect backdrop for activities like horseback riding, hiking, and Ger camping.

Aryabal Temple in Terelj

As you explore the park, be sure to visit popular attractions such as Turtle Rock and Ariyabal Buddhist Meditation temple, which offer stunning views and unique photo opportunities.

Khustai National Park

Khustai National Park is ideal for a day trip from Ulaanbaatar

For a truly unique wildlife experience, head to Khustai National Park, home to the rare and endangered Przewalski’s horse, the last and only remaining wild horse species in the world.

In addition to these fascinating animals, the park is also home to other wildlife such as Mongolian gazelle, red deer, and Argali wild sheep. With its pristine landscapes and opportunities for wildlife viewing and hiking, Khustai National Park is a must-visit destination for nature enthusiasts.

Hiking on Mt. Bogd Khan

For those looking for a more challenging outdoor adventure, consider hiking on Mt. Bogd Khan, which offers stunning views of Ulaanbaatar and the surrounding landscape. As you ascend the mountain, you’ll traverse dense forests and rugged terrain, making for a truly exhilarating experience.

Upon reaching the summit, you’ll be rewarded with panoramic vistas that are well worth the effort. Just be sure to come prepared with appropriate clothing, plenty of water, and a keen sense of adventure.

Accommodation Options in Ulaanbaatar

Regardless of your reason for visiting - be it business or pleasure - Ulaanbaatar offers a variety of accommodation options to meet every budget and taste. From luxury hotels like the Shangri-La, Kempinski, and Best Western Premier Tuushin Hotel to budget-friendly hostels and guesthouses, you’ll find the perfect place to rest your head after a day of exploring the city’s many attractions.

So, whether you’re seeking opulent surroundings or a more authentic Mongolian experience, Ulaanbaatar has something for everyone.

Best hotels in Ulaanbaatar

For those seeking luxury accommodations, Ulaanbaatar has several top hotels to choose from. The Shangri-La, Kempinski, and Best Western Premier Tuushin Hotel all offer world-class facilities and services, ensuring a comfortable and memorable stay. With their prime locations, opulent accommodations, and attentive staff, these hotels provide the perfect base from which to explore the city’s many attractions.

So, whether you’re in town for business or pleasure, you can rest assured that you’ll be well taken care of at these top hotels in Ulaanbaatar.

Practical Tips for Traveling in Ulaanbaatar

Navigating a new city can be both exciting and challenging, and Ulaanbaatar is no exception. For a smooth and enjoyable trip, being prepared with some practical tips for traveling in the city is beneficial. From mastering the public transportation system to staying safe and making use of helpful apps, these pointers will help you make the most of your time in Ulaanbaatar.

First and foremost, familiarize yourself with the city’s public transportation options, including buses and taxis, to help you get around with ease. Be mindful of your belongings, particularly in crowded areas, as pickpocketing can be a concern. Additionally, utilize helpful apps for currency conversion and navigation to make your trip as seamless as possible.

With these practical tips in mind, you’ll be well-equipped to explore all that Ulaanbaatar has to offer.

How to get to Ulaanbaatar

Reaching Ulaanbaatar is relatively straightforward as international flights from various cities around the world are available. Upon arrival at Chinggis Khaan International Airport, you’ll have several options for getting to the city center, including taxis, buses, and private transfers.

With a bit of advance planning and research, you’ll be well-prepared to embark on your journey to Ulaanbaatar and discover all the fascinating attractions this unique city has to offer.

International flights to Ulaanbaatar

International flights to Ulaanbaatar arrive at Chinggis Khaan International Airport. Some airlines that offer regular service to Ulaanbaatar include:

  • Air China
  • Aeroflot
  • Korean Air
  • Turkish Airlines

To find the best deals on flights, consider using a website like Skyscanner to compare prices and book your ticket.

Once your travel plans are finalized, you can look forward to exploring the many wonders of Mongolia’s captivating and coldest capital city.

How to get from Ulaanbaatar Airport to the City Center

Upon arrival at Ulaanbaatar’s Chinggis Khaan International Airport, you’ll have several options for getting to the city center. Taxis are readily available outside the terminal, or you can opt for a bus that will take you to various points in the city.

For a more convenient and comfortable option, consider booking a private transfer service, which will whisk you directly to your hotel or accommodation. No matter which option you choose, you’ll soon be on your way to exploring the incredible sights and experiences that Ulaanbaatar has to offer.


From its rich historical treasures and vibrant culture to its stunning natural beauty and diverse culinary scene, Ulaanbaatar offers a wealth of experiences for the intrepid traveler. Whether you’re exploring the city’s ancient temples and monasteries, attending a traditional folklore concert, or trekking through the pristine wilderness of the surrounding national parks, Ulaanbaatar is a destination that will captivate and inspire you at every turn. So, pack your bags, and get ready to embark on the adventure of a lifetime in this truly unique city.

Frequently Asked Questions

Why do most Mongolians live in Ulaanbaatar?

As Mongolia undergoes rapid change, citizens are seeking the education and job opportunities of an urban life, in addition to the fact that they are now allowed to move to Ulaanbaatar from rural areas. Consequently, many Mongolians have chosen to relocate to Ulaanbaatar.

Is Ulaanbaatar good place to live?

Ulaanbaatar is a safe and secure city, with pickpocketing in its busier areas being no more frequent than other major capitals. Therefore, it can be seen as an attractive place to live.

Is Ulaanbaatar Mongolia part of China?

No, Ulaanbaatar in Mongolia is not part of China. Outer Mongolia, which corresponds to the modern-day independent state of Mongolia, gained de facto independence from Qing China during the Xinhai Revolution, while Inner Mongolia is an autonomous region of China equivalent to a province.

Do they speak English in Mongolia?

English is not widely spoken in Mongolia, with Mongolian being the main language. English is only spoken in larger towns, so a guide may be necessary to ensure communication with local nomadic people on your trip. Having a guide can be beneficial in many ways. They can help you navigate the language barrier, provide insight into the culture, and help you find the best places to

What are some must-visit historical sites in Ulaanbaatar?

Visiting Ulaanbaatar is incomplete without exploring its historical gems like Gandan Khiid Monastery, Sukhbaatar Square, Bogd Khaan Winter Palace Museum, Chinggis Khaan National Museum and Choijin Temple Museum.

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